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This Month In USMC History
1 October 1997:
The first African-American female colonel in the Marine Corps was promoted to that rank during a ceremony at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina. Colonel Gilda A. Jackson, a native of Columbus, Ohio, made Marine Corps history when she achieved the rank of colonel. She was serving as Special Projects Officer, 2d Marine Aircraft Wing at the time of her promotion.

5 October 1775:
Meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the 2d Continental Congress used the word "Marines" on one of the earliest known occasions, when it directed General George Washington to secure two vessels on "Continental risque and pay", and to give orders for the "proper encouragement to the Marines and seamen" to serve on the two armed ships.

6 October 1945:
Major General Keller E. Rockey, Commanding General, III Amphibious Corps, accepted the surrender of 50,000 Japanese troops in North China on behalf of the Chinese Nationalist government.

8 October 1889:
A force of 375 Marines under command of future Commandant George F. Elliott, attacked and captured the insurgent town of Novaleta, Luzon, Philippine Islands, and linked up with U.S. Army troops. There were 11 Marine casualties.

9 October 1917:
The 8th Marines was activated at Quantico, Virginia. Although the regiment would not see combat in Europe during World War I, the officers and enlisted men of the 8th Marines participated in operations against dissidents in Haiti for over five years during the 1920s. During World War II, the regiment was assigned to the 2d Marine Division and participated in combat operations on Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Saipan, Tinian, and Okinawa, and earned three Presidential Unit Citations.

11 October 1951:
A Marine battalion was flown by transport helicopters to a frontline combat position for the first time, when HMR-161 lifted the 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, and its equipment, during Operation Bumblebee, northeast of Yanggu, Korea.

19 October 1968:
Operation Maui Peak, a combined regimental-sized operation which began on 6 October, ended 11 miles northwest of An Hoa, Vietnam. More than 300 enemy were killed in the 13-day operation.

23 October 1983:
At 0622 an explosive-laden truck slammed into the BLT headquarters building in Beirut, Lebanon, where more than 300 men were billeted. The massive explosion collapsed the building in seconds, and took the lives of 241 Americans--including 220 Marines. This was the highest loss of life in a single day for Marines since D-Day on Iwo Jima in 1945.

28 October 1962:
An 11,000-man 5th Marine Expeditionary Brigade left Camp Pendleton by sea for the Caribbean during the Cuban Missile Crisis. One week earlier, the entire 189,000-man Marine Corps had been put on alert and elements of the 1st and 2d Marine Divisions were sent to Guantanamo Bay to reinforce the defenders of the U.S. Naval Base. Other 2d Division units and squadrons from five Marine Aircraft Groups were deployed at Key West, Florida, or in Caribbean waters during the Cuban crisis.

31 October 1919:
A patrol of Marines and gendarmes, led by Sergeant Herman H. Hanneken, disguised themselves as Cacos and entered the headquarters of the Haitian Caco Leader, Charlemagne Peralte, killing the bandit chief, and dispersing his followers. Sergeant Hanneken and Corporal William R. Button were each awarded the Medal of Honor.

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This Month In Marine Corps History

LtCol Raymond G. Davis led his battalion into Hagaru-Ri, Korea after four days of intense fighting in the mountain passes against a numerically superior hostile force. His battalion, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, helped clear the way for the 5th and 7th Marines, and LtCol Davis was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism.

6 December 1928:
A small detail of Marines under Captain Maurice G. Holmes defeated Nicaraguan bandits near Chuyelite. GySgt Charles Williams was mortally wounded during the fighting. Capt Holmes was later awarded the Navy Cross for gallantry, and a posthumous award was given to GySgt Williams.

8 December 1941:
Japanese aircraft attacked Wake Island within hours of the fateful attack on Pearl Harbor. Marines of the 1st Defense Battalion and Marine Fighting Squadron 211 resisted Japanese invasion attempts for over two weeks before finally succumbing to an overwhelming force.

9 December 1992:
Marines of the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations capable) landed in Somalia kicking off Operation Restore Hope, the largest humanitarian relief operation of its kind.

10 December 1995:
In Bosnia, 22 Marines from Marine Corps Security Force Company, Naples, Italy were among the first American troops to arrive. They provided the security for Allied Forces Southern Europe headquartered at Sarajevo. About 2,500 NATO troops would be in place by 19 December taking on the task of peace enforcement in former Yugoslavia from the U.N.

15 December 1948:
The Secretary of the Navy signed a "Memorandum of Agreement" with the State Department which laid the basis for the modern Marine Security Guard program at U.S. embassies throughout the world.

19 December 1972:
The Marine detachment of the USS TICONDEROGA provided shipboard security for three U.S. astronauts, Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison Schmitt, and their Apollo-17 space capsule. The astronauts had successfully completed a (then) record lunar stay of more than 75 hours.

20 December 1989:
Operation Just Cause was launched in Panama to protect American lives, restore the democratic process, preserve the integrity of the Panama Canal Treaty, and apprehend dictator General Manuel Antonio Noriega. One Marine, Corporal Garreth C. Isaak, was killed and three other were wounded during the operation.

23 December 1941:
Japanese forces launched a predawn landing on Wake Island and Wilkes Island, while their carriers launched air strikes against Wilkes, Wake, and Peale islands in support of the landing force. After nearly 12 hours of desperate fighting, the three islands were surrendered.

26 December 1957:
Twenty helicopters from Marine Light Helicopter Squadron 162, were rushed to Ceylon onboard the USS PRINCETON where Marines participated in the rescue and evacuation of flood victims.

Posted by admin on Thursday 21 December 2006 - 00:24:43 | LAN_THEME_20
Unusual Customs and Traditions of the Marine Corps

* Marines take the right of the line or head of the column when in formation with elements of the other sea services (i.e., the Navy and the Coast Guard, not to mention NOAA).

* All Marine posts have a bell, usually from a decommissioned ship of the Navy.

* In the US Navy, when "Abandon Ship" is ordered, the last person to leave the vessel before the captain is his Marines orderly.

* On a warship, Marines do not man the rail.

* Whatever the regulations say, Marines do not use umbrellas.

* The Marine Hymn is the oldest official anthem of the U.S. military service.

* The Marines always stand at attention during the playing of the Marine Hymn

* The Marine Corps March, "Semper Fidelis" by J. P. Sousa, is the only march authorized by Congress for a particular service.

* The "Mameluke" Sword, first adopted in 1826, is the weapon with the longest continued service in the U.S. Armed Forces.

* In the Marines, the phrase "I wish..." or "I desire..." uttered by a senior is considered an order.

* The crowns of Marine officer's service caps are decorated with an embroidered quatre foil, a heritage of the days when such designs helped Marines in the rigging identify their officers on deck below.

* Since 1850 Marine sergeants have been the only NCOs in the U.S. armed Forces to have the privilege of carrying swords on ceremonial occasions, a weapon of a pattern that makes it the second oldest weapon.

* Officers and NCOs of the Marine Corps wear scarlet piping on their trousers, said to honor the blood shed by the Marines who stormed Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City on 13 September 1847, and traditionally called the "Blood Stripe".

* In combat Marines never leave behind wounded comrades, and attempt to recover their dead as well.

Posted by admin on Tuesday 19 December 2006 - 13:46:12 | LAN_THEME_20
Honoring The Lives Of Fallen Brothers
MARINE CORPS BASE CAMP LEJEUNE N.C. (December 12, 2006) -- Family and friends stood for the National Anthem while gathered together to celebrate eight Marines and one sailor who gave their lives for their country.

The service members honored in the ceremony were Staff Sgt. Christopher Zimmerman, an Austin, Texas, native and a 1996 McNeil High School graduate; Sgt. Mark T. Smykowski, a Cleveland, native and a 2000 Mentor High School graduate; Sgt. Alessandro Carbonaro, a Bethesda, Md., native and a 1997 Sandy Springs High School graduate; Sgt. Elisha Parker, a Rome, N.Y., native and a 2002 Camden High School graduate; Cpl. Stephen R. Bixler, a Hartford, Conn., native and a 2003 Suffield High School graduate. Cpl. Cory L. Palmer, a Seaford, Del., native and a 2001 Seaford Senior High School graduate; Cpl. William B. Fulks, a Culloden, W.Va., native and a 2001 Midland High School graduate; Petty Officer 3rd Class Lee H. Deal, a Baton Rouge, La., native and a 2002 West Monroe High School graduate; Lance Cpl. Robert L. Moscillo, a Salem, Mass., native and a 2003 Salem High School graduate.

“The country of Iraq is better and safer now because of 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion,” said Lt. Col. James Bright, the commanding officer of 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion. “They fell freeing a country from a tyrannical leader and terrorist groups. Failure was not an option for them.”

Throughout the ceremony, scripture was read and families mourned, honoring the men who gave their lives. Friends of each service member shared their personal memories of the fallen.

“I tried to emulate Cpl. Palmer,” said Cpl. Jeffrey D. Elmore. “He enjoyed his job and had a good sense of humor. He was a leader that would correct you politely and praise you for your proficiency.”

“Their story can’t be told by medals,” said Navy Lt. Timothy Springer, the battalion chaplain. “The story is told through my heart. What each of these men did can never be expressed on your chest in medals or ribbons, it can only be told through the heart.”

All of these men entered the service or re-enlisted after Sept. 11, 2001 making the decision to do their part for the country.

“Their personality and spirit lead them to go into harm’s way to give a nation the freedom we take for granted,” Bright explained.

Roll call was read, with each of the fallens’ names being read three times, each time with no response. The families comforted each other as their brother’s, son’s and hero’s name was read.

“Taps” was played as the families paid their final respects at memorials of Kevlar helmet, flack jacket, dog tags and boots dressed over a traditional wooden cross that represented each service member.

“These heroes among men will never be forgotten as long as one 2nd Reconnaissance Marine takes a breath,” Bright said.

Posted by admin on Thursday 14 December 2006 - 00:37:09 | LAN_THEME_20
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Marine Of The Month

Lance Cpl. James M. Gluff

20, of Tunnel Hill, Ga.; assigned to the 1st Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, II Marine Expeditionary Force, Camp Lejeune, N.C.; died Jan. 19 in Ramadi, Iraq, while conducting combat operations.


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